What Chemical Kills Bed Bugs And Their Eggs?

Chemical Kills Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are a persistent and frustrating pest that can be challenging to eliminate. However, with the right approach and the use of effective chemicals, you can get rid of these unwanted guests for good.

In this informative blog, we’ll explore the various chemicals that can kill bed bugs and their eggs, providing you with the knowledge to tackle this problem head-on.

Identifying Bed Bugs and Their Eggs

Before we dive into the chemical solutions, it’s important to understand what bed bugs and their eggs look like. Bed bugs are small, flat, oval-shaped insects that range in size from 1 to 7 millimeters.

They have a reddish-brown color and feed on human blood, often leaving behind itchy bites. Bed bug eggs are tiny, white, and oval-shaped, measuring about 1 millimeter in length. They are typically found in cracks, crevices, and other hidden areas where bed bugs like to hide.

Effective Chemicals for Killing Bed Bugs and Their Eggs

When it comes to eliminating bed bugs and their eggs, there are several chemical options available. Let’s take a closer look at the most effective ones:

Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids

Pyrethrins and pyrethroids are natural and synthetic insecticides derived from the chrysanthemum flower. These chemicals are effective in killing both adult bed bugs and their eggs. They work by disrupting the nervous system of the insects, causing paralysis and death. Examples of pyrethrins and pyrethroids include permethrin, deltamethrin, and cypermethrin.


Desiccants are substances that work by drying out the protective outer coating of bed bugs and their eggs, causing them to dehydrate and die. The most commonly used desiccants for bed bug control are diatomaceous earth and silica gel (CimeXa). These products are non-toxic to humans and pets, but they can be irritating to the skin and eyes, so proper precautions should be taken during application.


Neonicotinoids are a class of synthetic insecticides that mimic the chemical structure of nicotine. They work by affecting the nervous system of insects, leading to paralysis and death. The most commonly used neonicotinoid for bed bug control is imidacloprid.


Pyrroles, such as chlorfenapyr, are a newer class of insecticides that disrupt the cellular processes of bed bugs and their eggs, ultimately causing their death. These chemicals are effective against bed bugs that have become resistant to other types of insecticides.

Insect Growth Regulators (IGRs)

Insect growth regulators are chemicals that interfere with the development and reproduction of bed bugs. They prevent the insects from molting and reaching adulthood, effectively breaking the life cycle. Examples of IGRs used for bed bug control include hydroprene and pyriproxyfen.

Proper Application and Safety Considerations

When using any of these chemicals, it’s crucial to follow the instructions on the product label carefully. This includes wearing appropriate personal protective equipment, such as gloves and goggles, and ensuring proper ventilation during application. It’s also important to note that some of these chemicals, such as pyrethroids and neonicotinoids, can be harmful to pets and children if not used correctly.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Approach

While chemical treatments can be effective in killing bed bugs and their eggs, it’s important to note that they should be used as part of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach. IPM involves a combination of non-chemical and chemical methods to control bed bug infestations, including:

  1. Inspection and Identification: Thoroughly inspect your home to identify the presence of bed bugs and their eggs, and determine the extent of the infestation.
  2. Sanitation and Clutter Reduction: Reduce clutter and thoroughly clean and vacuum your home to remove any potential hiding places for bed bugs.
  3. Heat Treatment: Exposing infested items to high temperatures (above 120°F/49°C) for an extended period can effectively kill bed bugs and their eggs.
  4. Encasements: Encasing mattresses and box springs in bed bug-proof covers can help isolate and eliminate the pests.
  5. Chemical Treatment: Applying the appropriate chemicals, as discussed earlier, can help eliminate the remaining bed bugs and their eggs.

By combining these methods, you can effectively and safely get rid of bed bugs and prevent future infestations.


Bed bugs can be a frustrating and persistent problem, but with the right approach and the use of effective chemicals, you can successfully eliminate them and their eggs.

Remember to always follow the product instructions carefully, use personal protective equipment, and consider an Integrated Pest Management approach for the best results. With the information provided in this blog, you now have the knowledge to tackle your bed bug problem and reclaim your home.

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Tom Taylor
Tom Taylor